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Low molecular weight chondroitin sulfate ameliorates pathological changes in 5XFAD mice by improving various functions in the brain
发表时间:2021-10-05     阅读次数:     字体:【


Our previous study found that low molecular weight chondroitin sulfate (LMWCS) had neuroprotective effects against the toxicity of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides both in vitro and in vivo, and we speculated that the effects might be related with its anti-oxidative activities. In this study, the anti-Alzheimer′s disease (AD) activity of LMWCS was further studied in 5XFAD transgenic mice. After 4-month gavage, the levels of Aβ1-42 level, amyloid precursor protein (APP) and presenilin 1 (PS1) were significantly decreased in the brains of 5XFAD mice, indicating the alteration of APP metabolism by LMWCS. Besides, LMWCS inhibited the secretions of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and IL-6. Furthermore, the suppression of neuroinflammation by LMWCS was supported by the decreased expressions of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) in the brains. LMWCS also reduced the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the level of phospho-tau (Ser404) in the brains. Nevertheless, the changes in the behavior tests were moderate. In conclusion, LMWCS administration ameliorated APP metabolism, neuroinflammation, ROS production and tau protein abnormality in the brains of 5XFAD mice, displaying the potential to improve the pathological changes of AD mouse brain. LMWCS could be considered as a promising anti-AD drug candidate, nonetheless, the therapy regimen need to be optimized to improve its pharmacotherapy efficacy.

--Zhao Na; Wu Lidan; Zhang Xinke; Jiang Wenjie; Wang Fengshan. [J] NeuropharmacologyVolume 199, 2021.
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